The seventh meeting of the CBD Conference of the Parties (COP) adopted its multi-year programme of work up to 2010 (decision VII/31). Island biodiversity was identified as a new thematic area to be developed under the Convention and as the item for in-depth consideration at COP 8 in 2006. At COP 8, Parties were requested to apply the targets and timeframes in the POW on island biodiversity as a flexible framework within which national and/or regional targets may be developed, according to national priorities and capacities, and taking into account differences in diversity between countries; to use existing national indicators or to establish national indicators, where possible, in accordance with the list of global indicators for assessing progress towards the 2010 Biodiversity Target; and report in the context of the national reports of the CBD. The overall purpose of the programme of work on island biodiversity is the significant reduction of island biodiversity loss by 2010 and beyond at global, regional and national levels, through the implementation of the three main objectives of the Convention, for the benefit of all forms of life on islands and, in particular, as a contribution to poverty alleviation and the sustainable development of small island developing States.
COP 8 – March 2006
At COP 9 in 2008, the Global Island Partnership (GLISPA) was recognised as one of the mechanisms to implement the island biodiversity programme of work. The COP also requested the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA) to review in-depth the programme of work on island biodiversity at one of its meetings after the tenth meeting of the COP, to be sent for consideration by the COP at its 11th meeting (decision IX/21). There are seven focal areas for island-specific priority actions for Parties: (1) protect the components of biodiversity; (2) promote sustainable use; (3) address threats to biodiversity; (4) maintain goods and services from biodiversity to support human well – being; (5) protect traditional knowledge and practices; (6) ensure the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of genetic resources; (7) ensure provision of adequate resources.