The PoWPA signifies the greatest international community commitment to protected areas to date. It provides a framework for cooperation between Governments, donors, NGOs and local communities in order to develop a participatory, ecologically representative and effectively managed national and regional system of protected areas. Protected areas are increasingly growing in size and scope, sparking greater regional efforts and transboundary management plans to ensure the scale of protective measures meets the ecological requirements for function and sustainability. Governments have committed to international and national targets for conservation through the creation of national systems of protected areas. The central role of protected areas in implementing the objectives of the Convention has been repeatedly emphasized in decisions of the Conference of Parties.
COP 7 – February 2004
According to 2009 Millennium Development Goal statistics for protected area coverage, the global protected-area network covers around 11 per cent of the Earth’s land surface and 6 per cent of the territorial seas. Less than 1 per cent of the Earth’s marine area, including areas beyond national jurisdiction, is covered.
The present programme of work on protected areas features goals and activities that contain elements of existing programmes of work on forests, inland waters, dry and sub-humid lands, coastal and marine and mountain biological diversity as well as the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation and the Global Taxonomy Initiative. Each Party has global and regional commitments to protected areas and having access to the best available data and data management systems helps ensure the obligations are met.
For further information, see the CBD PoWPA website at www.cbd.int/protected/pow