Tens of thousands of people, including heads of State and Government and national delegates, business and industry, non-governmental organisations, scientific and technological communities, trade unions, representing children and youth, farmers, indigenous people, local authorities, women and workers attended the Summit. The purpose was to bring attention and focus on actions to address some of the world’s most pressing issues related to livelihoods as well as the conservation of natural resources while demands from a growing human population are increasing. This gathering provided an opportunity to review Agenda 21, which was adopted 10 years earlier at the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio, Brazil, and to add further actions and measurable targets for a plan of implementation.
Adopted at the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio, Brazil. Reviewed September 2002 at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) / The Johannesburg Summit
The marine and coastal issues were represented through two key targets: these include (1) the promotion of Integrated Coastal Management (ICM), which aims to assist with development of ocean policies and mechanisms on ICM; improvement of science and assessment of marine and coastal ecosystems; and promotion of sustainable tourism and (2) protection of coastal biodiversity through maintenance of productivity; provision of financial and technological assistance for capacity, especially in developing countries; develop and facilitate the use of different tools and practices to maintain diversity, including representative networks of marine protected areas by 2012 and elimination of destructive fishing practices; implement the Ramsar Convention and the International Coral Reef Initiative; and halting the loss of marine biodiversity by 2010.